1637 - Discours de la Methode

Author: René Descartes

René Descartes (La Haye en Touraine, March 31, 1596 – Stockholm, February 11, 1650), was a French philosopher and mathematician. He wrote his most important work in The Republic of the Seven United Netherlands (Dutch Republic), where he lived 20 years. He is commonly considered to be one of the twenty most important philosophers all times. One of his achievements in Mathematics was his work on the base for analytical geometry, the bridge between algebra and geometry.

Book: In 1636 at the insistence of his friends he published his 'Discours de la methode.' He was not only the first one to reject the philosophy of Aristotle, but he also replaced it by an own viable philosophical system, with which he formed the basis for 17th century rationalism. Descartes postulated three certainties as a grounding of this rationality: the certainty of doubt, the certainty of the existence of God and the certainty of the existence of the outside world. To underline the existence of God, Descartes supported two theses (a posteriori and a priori). This science supports what we are seeing on page one. Under a radiating sun, in which God's name is written, is a treasure hunter digging for treasures."






We have seen this image before, in the State Bible, made by Jakob and Hendrik Keur.






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