Author: Jacques - Bénigne Bossuet
Jacques - Benign Bossuet was a French bishop and theologian.
He was the court chaplain of the Sun King Louis XIV and is
renowned as one of the best speakers that have ever lived.
He exercised much influence at court and as a politician.
19th century statue in the Cathedral
Jacques - Benign Bossuet was born on September 27, 1627
in Dijon, France, into a family of magistrates. His father
was a judge in the provincial Supreme Court.
His parents decided that he should make a career in church
circles. After his training in 1652 he returned to civilian
life as an archdeacon. In the same year, on 18 March 1652,
he was ordained as a priest. A few weeks later he successfully
defended his doctoral religious scholarship. In 1657, in Metz,
Bossuet preached on behalf of Anne of Austria, mother of Louis
XIV. As a result, he received the honorary title of "Guide
and preacher to the King". In 1662 he preached his famous
sermon "On the tasks of Kings" to Louis XIV in the
Louvre. On 13 September 1670 he was appointed as the professor
of the nine-year-old Dauphin, the eldest child of Louis XIV.
In 1670 he was consecrated bishop. He was bishop of Meaux
from 1681 to 1704.
Despite many years of good health, he became ill in 1702.
He suffered from chronic kidney stones. Two years later, on
April 12, 1704, he died and was then buried in the Cathedral
Book: From the beginning, he was busy with schemes for
uniting the Huguenots with the Roman Church. To achieve this
purpose he wrote many books. The book we show here was probably
his masterpiece. It was published in French as "Histoire
des Variations des Églises protestantes.