Biblical Museum - Amsterdam (Bijbels Museum) - High priest - Tefillin - decorated frame and book

"Where Bible, art and culture meet in a monument full of history" - this is how the museum describes itself.

The Biblical Museum is housed in two historic buildings, the " Cromhout Houses" (1662), on the Herengracht canal in Amsterdam. Address: Herengracht nr. 366-368.

The collection includes models of temples, a model of the tabernacle, a number of extraordinary Egyptian artefacts, archaeological finds and Bibles. It is even possible to discover the "scents" of Aloe, Myrrh, and many more. The history of ancient Israel comes alive through the use of beautiful visual material.

The overall picture presents Jerusalem as the cradle of three important directions in religion and culture: Judaism, Christianity and Islam.


We show these pictures by kind courtesy of the Biblical Museum.



Every image of a high priest is almost identical. Why? How do we know what clothing he wore during his service in the temple? This is because God gave specific instructions on this, as seen in the Bible book of Exodus chapter 28.

A striking part of his clothing is a breastplate with 12 valuable, precious stones. The names of 12 Israelite tribes was written on these stones – Exodus 28:15-20. The turban is also remarkable for the golden plate placed upon it. According to Exodus 28:36: "And thou shalt make a thin plate of pure gold, and engrave on it, as the engravings of a seal, Holiness to Jehovah!" (Darby Translation).



According to the Rabbinic interpretation of Deuteronomy 6: 8,9, Jewish men had to wear tefillin during prayer. Tefillin, also called phylacteries, are a pair of black leather boxes containing scrolls of parchment inscribed with biblical verses from the Torah (the written Law). These can be biblical verses like Deuteronomy 6: 4-9. The writings are in Hebrew and contain God's name. The head-tefilli is placed above the forehead, between the eyes, because this is where the power of reason is. The hand-tefillin are worn wrapped around the arm, hand and fingers and worn across the heart because 'it is with the heart that one loves the Lord".



God's name can be seen on two other objects. On this decorated frame....


And on top of this book.



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