Poets

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe was born on August 28, 1749 in Frankfurt am Main, as the son of the Imperial Councillor, Johann Caspar Goethe and Katherine Elisabeth Textor. His parents made sure that he received a private education. As a result Goethe, trained in five languages, and was admitted to the University of Leipzig (subsequently to Strasbourg) at age 16, where he studied Law. It was around this age that he started writing his first poems. The young Duke Karl August of Saksen-Weimar called him to Weimar in 1775. He stayed in Weimar for the rest of his life, only briefly interrupted by a short trip to Italy (1786-1788). Goethe's review of achievements is impressive. He is known as a scientist, writer, novelist, philosopher and statesman. Today he is regarded to be Germany’s greatest poet ever. His work 'Faust’, is one of the highpoints of world literature.

On his personal life we note that he was married to Christiane Vulpius. They had one son, August. He was elevated to nobility in 1782. Goethe died on March 22, 1832 at Weimar, age 82.

 

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
1749-1832

Goethe received a collection of Persian poems in 1814, named " Der Divan des Mohammed Schemseddin Hafis". Hafez was lived from ca. 1320 to ca. 1390. This collection (in Farsi: divan) inspired him to write this book:

 

(Digitised by Google)

 

 

 

 

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