The dictionary Van Dale describes cartography as: “the
art of manufacturing maps of countries, seas and air. Manufacturing
maps is one of the senior and most particular forms of communication.
Clay tablets (around 2300 v. C.) are support the fact that
the Babylonians carried out land surveying. Claudius Ptolemaeus
(87 - 150 n.C.), known as Ptolemy, is especially known by
his work 'Cosmographia' or 'Geographia', a guide for making
maps including a list of the geographical lengths and breadths
of approx. 350 places. He was world famous at the end of the
15th century, when his maps appeared in an atlas. These maps
were a source of geographical data for men like Columbus,
Caboto, Magalhães, Drake and Vespucci.
It is good to see that in those beautiful ingenious maps
God's name often appeared.
Willem and Joannes Blaeu.
Willem Janszoon Blaeu (1571, Uitgeest or Alkmaar – Oct
21, 1638, Amsterdam), also abbreviated to Willem Jansz. Blaeu,
was a Dutch cartographer, atlas maker and publisher. After
his education at the school of the Danish astronomer Tycho
Brahe, he settled in Alkmaar, making sea maps and globes.
Later on he moved to Amsterdam. He was always up-to-date because
of his close contacts with captains, sailors and captain of
barges. In 1633 he was appointed map-maker of the Dutch East
India Company. He died in 1638. His son Joan Blaeu (Alkmaar,
Sept. 23, 1596 - Amsterdam, Mai 28, 1673) continued the family
business together with his younger brother Cornelis.
Willem Janszoon Blaeu
1571 - 1638
Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, sive Atlas Novus in quo Tabulæ
et Descriptiones Omnium Regionum, Editæ a Guiljel: et
Ioanne Blaeu. Translated: Theater of the World, or a New Atlas
of Maps and Representations of All Regions, Edited by Willem
and Joan Blaeu.” This Latin edition was published in
4 volumes beginning in 1645. On top God's name is written
in Hebrew with masoretical vowels.