Remarkable

Wenceslaus Hollar

Wenceslaus Hollar was a Bohemian artist and etcher. He was born on July 13, 1607 in Prague.

As a young man he decided to make a living by means of his art. His first art works were made in 1625/1626. They were small plates, one of which is a copy of a work from Dürer. He came to the attention of Thomas Howard, Earl of Arundel, in 1636. He started work for him and moved to London. In addition to this he was also making art pieces for others. When the Earl of Arundel left the United Kingdom in 1642, he came in to the service of Charles I of England, then the Duke of York. During the civil war (1641-1651) Wenceslaus worked in Antwerp where he made his most famous works. He returned to London in 1652 and worked together with Faithorne.

Wenceslaus Hollor died in 1677, in extreme poverty. His last written words were addressed to the bailiff asking not to take away the bed on which he was dying.

 

 

Many of his collective works are preserved in the British Museum and in the cabinets of Windsor Castle.

The creation…

Wenceslaus Hollar presented his report on the creation according to the way the account is written in the Bible, in Genesis chapter 1 and 2. On every print he pictured what God created… on the first day… on the second day… etc. As he did so, he also depicted God’s presence by the use of the Tetragrammaton.

 

Text:

"And God said, let there be light, and there was light. And God saw the light, that it was good, And God divided the light from the darknesse. And God called the light Day, and the darknesse he called Night, and the Evening and the morning were the first day"

 

Text:

"And God said, let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters. And God made the Firmanent, and divided the Waters, which were under the firmament from the Waters which were above the firmament and it was so. And God called the firmament heaven; and the Evening and the morning were the second day."

 

Text:

"And God said, let the Waters under the Heaven be gathered together unto one place, and let the dry land appeare, and it was so.
And God called the dry land Earth; and the gathering together of the waters called he Seas. And God saw that it was good."

 

Text:

"And God said, let there be Lights in the firmament of the Heaven, to divide the day from the night, and let them be for signes, and for Seasons, and for days and yeares. And let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven, etc. And God made two great lights, the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night, he made the stars also."

 

Text:

"And God said, Let the waters bring forth abundantly the moving Creature that hath life, and fowl that may flye above the earth in the open firmament of heaven. And God Created great Whales and every living Creature that moveth, which the Waters brought forth abundantly after their kinde, and every winged fowl after his kinde; and God saw that it was good."

 

Text:

"And God said, Let the earth bring forth the living Creature after his kinde, cattel and creeping thing, and beast of the earth after his kinde; and it was so. And God said: Let us make man in our image, after our likenesse; and let them have Dominion over the fish of the Sea, and over the fowl of the ayr and over the cattel, and over all the eath, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the Earth."

 

Text:

"On the Seaventh day, God ended his works which hee had made, and hee rested on the Seaventh day from all his works which hee had made. And God blessed the Seaventh day & Sancified it because thatin it had rested from all his works."

Here no Tetragrammaton was written. We have reproduced the image in order to show the collection in its entirety.

 

After showing each of the days, he also produced other prints about the creation. Here, also, God’s name is written as the Tetragrammaton, with vowels.

 

Text:

"And God said, Let there be Light and there was Light".

 


Text:

"And God said, let there be Lights in the Firmament of the Heaven."

 

 

Text:

"And God said, Let there be a Firmament in the midst of the Waters."

 

 

Tekst:

"And God said, Let ye dry land appear & it was so."

 

 

Text:

"And God said: Let the Waters bring forth abundantly the moving Creature that have Life. And Fowl that may fly above the Earth in ye open Firmament of Heaven".

 

Text:

"And God said, Let the Earth bring forth the living Creature after his kind & cattle after their kind, and every thing that creeped up on the Earth after their kind."

 

In Latin...

Text:

Genesis Cap. 12 v 1, 2
"Linquenda tellus & domus"

"Leave your country and your house”

 

 

 

The life of Abraham also inspired Hollar. He has written here the names of Biblical locations that are also pictured. It is noteworthy that the words of God are written coming out from the Tetragrammaton.

 

Text:

"Canaan is promised to Abraham - Genesis 12:6"
"Unto thy Seed will I give this land"

 

 

Notice by this and the former print that the drawing is the same, the text is written firstly in English and then the second time in Latin.


Text:

"Genesis 12:7"
"You and Yours this land

 

 

Text:

"Abraham and Lot seperate : Genesis 13:7"
"All ye land which thou seest, to thee will I give it."

 

 

Text:

"God promises Abraham numerous offspring - Genesis 15:5"
"Tell the stars if thou be able. So shall thy seed be."
"Thy seed shall be a stranger in a land that is not theirs."

 

 

Text:

"God reneweth his covenant with Abraham - Genesis 17:4"
"My covenant is with thee & thou shaal be a Father of many Nations."

 

 

 

Here we can see an episode from the life of Jacob, the grandson of Abraham. We can read the report of his vision in Genesis 28:12 and 13.

Text:

"Jacob's Vision of a Ladder - Genesis 28"

 

 

Finally an image of a kneeling sinner.

Text:

"Ah ah ah ah my sinnes - O O O O my Saviour"

 

 

 

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