King James - The Roiail Progenei... 1603

The full inscription at the top is: "The Roiail Progenei Of Our Most Sacred King James by the grace of God King of E.S.F. etc. I decended from the victorious King Henry & Elizabeth his wife wherin the divided families were united together."

The explanation follows the figure ...


Photo: (peacay) / Licence: Creative Commons 2.0


From top to bottom:

Top row: James, King of England, Scotland, France and Ireland - Anna, daughter of Frederick, King of Denmark.
2nd row: Francis II, King of France - Mary, Queen of Scots - Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, Duke of Albany.
3rd row: James V of Scotland - Mary of Guise, sister of the Duke of Guise - Margaret Douglas, wife of Matthew Stuart - Matthew Stuart, Earl of Lennox.
4th row: James IV of Scotland - Margaret Tudor, eldest daughter of Henry VII - Archibald Douglas, Earl of Angus.
5th row: Henry VII - Elizabeth of York, eldest daughter of King Edward IV of England.
In the corners are the arms of England, Scotland, Lancaster and York.



King James married Anne of Denmark on 23 November 1589. Anne was the daughter of the Danish king Frederick II. James and Anna had seven children, three of which reached adulthood.

King James was the son of the Scottish Queen Mary I Stuart and her husband Henry Stuart Lord Darnley. Mary came to be known as Mary, Queen of Scots. Prior to this marriage Mary I was married to Francis II of France for two years, Francis died at age 16. Mary suddenly married Henry Stuart Darnley on July 29, 1565. His lineage indicates that he was her cousin. Mary was beheaded on February 8, 1587 on charges of treason against Queen Elizabeth I.

Mary I was the daughter of James V of Scotland and Mary of Guise. King James V of Scotland reigned 29 years. His parents were Matthew Henry Stuart Stuart, Earl of Lennox and Margaret Douglas.

James IV of Scotland reigned from 1488 until his death on the battlefield in 1513. He married Margaret Tudor in 1503. This marriage provided the basis for the union of England and Scotland. King James IV died in 1513. One year later, on August 6, 1514, Margaret Tudor married Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus. This marriage ended in divorce. She was married for the third time on March 3, 1528 to Henry Stuart, Lord Methven.

Margaret Tudor was the daughter of Henry VII. He was King of England from 22 August 1485 to 21 April 1509. He married Elizabeth of York in 1486. They had seven children including Henry VIII, the king who was responsible for the separation of the Church of England from the Roman Catholic Church.


This engraving was made by Benjamin Wright and published in 1603 by Hans Wout Neel.

At the top is the divine name in Hebrew as YHWH. Obviously this was to emphasize that the monarchs ruled by the grace of God.



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