Country: Russia, officially known as
the Russian Federation, is a country situated partly in Europe
and partly in Asia. It is the largest country in the world
with an area of no less than 17,075,400 km ². This state
shares its borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia,
Lithuania, Poland, Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan,
Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. Furthermore,
it is separated by a narrow strait from the United States
(Alaska) and Japan. There are 142,905,208 people living in
The history of this area goes back to its occupation
by Slavic and Finnish-Ugric tribes. In the early Middle Ages,
Vikings swarmed into the Russian rivers and built settlements.
The Viking chief, Rurik, united many of these settlements
in Northern Russia in 860 . In 882, the prince of Novgorod,
Oleg the Wise, brought together the peoples living in southern
Kiev under his dominion and in doing so the first Russian
state was founded. After the domination by the Mongol Empire
began in 1325, the principality of Moscow began to develop.
From this arose the Tsardom of Russia. In 1721, this was followed
by the Russian Empire, which existed until 1917. The Russian
Revolution brought an end to the Tsardom and established the
first communist state in the world: the Soviet Union, established
on December 25, 1991.
Religion: Of the 142 million inhabitants,
100 million people profess to belong to the Russian Orthodox
Church. Other religions represented are The Roman Catholic
Church, Islam, Protestantism, Buddhism, Jehovah's Witnesses
and various others.